Science Policy For All

Because science policy affects everyone.

Science Policy Around the Web – August 22, 2014

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By: Amie D. Moody, Ph.D.

photo credit: Bernt Rostad via photopin cc

Our weekly linkpost, bringing you interesting and informative links on science policy issues buzzing about the internet.

 

NIH Funding Policy

Closing the “Grant Gap” between racial minorities and Caucasian applicants

Beginning in September, the NIH will begin analyzing the factors responsible for the fact that African American scientists are only two-thirds as likely to receive an NIH grant as a Caucasian applicant. Although the NIH launched a $500 million program to train and mentor minority scientists in 2012, officials recognize that training disparities are not the sole factor in the grant gap. This new initiative will investigate the role of reviewer bias during the grant review process. If racial bias is identified, it would not be a complete surprise after a study published in July found that faculty members at US universities are less likely to respond to interview requests from individuals whose names are associated with women and minorities than those associated with Caucasian males1. However, even if racial bias is not a key factor in the racial disparity of NIH grant awarded, the initiative will hopefully still identify the causes of the gap, allowing the NIH to develop future programs that will address the appropriate needs.   (Sara Reardon)

  1. Milkman, K. L., Akinola, M. and Chugh, D. What happens before? A field experiment exploring how pay and representation differentially shape bias on the pathway into organizations. Soc. Sci. Res. Network. 2014. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2063742

 

Science in Society

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages employees to be model citizens

The CDC’s mission is to “protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the US” 24/7 (http://www.cdc.gov/about/organization/mission.htm). The CDC puts much effort into encouraging public awareness of potential threats and personal preparedness for when disasters do arise. However, upon looking into its own “house,” officials realized that its employees were not implementing the preparedness measures that they implore the public to adopt. Therefore, in conjunction with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the CDC created the Ready CDC program. To instill community level preparedness within the CDC “community” of employees, Ready CDC provides it employees the support they need to participate, the tools and resources required for personal preparedness and the education to practice “actionable behaviors,” like making emergency kits and family disaster plans. By implementing these measures within their own workforce, the CDC hopes to study behaviors of preparedness, like a community’s resistance to change, to understand if their efforts are effecting the desired changes. At the core of this program is the desire to effectively respond when disaster strikes, and studies show that an individual is more likely to assist in an emergency if that person feels their family will be okay in their absence.

 

Space Policy

NASA paving the way to use 3D-printed instruments in space

NASA is already making full use of 3D printing to manufacture items like rocket engine parts and photographs from the Hubble Space telescope. However, by the end of September they hope to have printed an entire camera from 3D printing materials. The goal is to cut down the time and cost of manufacturing, particularly on components that have tiny features that are difficult, or impossible, to accomplish with traditional manufacturing techniques. In addition to building cameras, Jason Budinoff, an aerospace engineer at the Goddard Space Flight Center, is working on techniques to 3D print the high quality mirrors that are so important in telescopes. Although these items will have to withstand rigorous testing to see if they can tolerate the stresses of deep space, Budinoff is hopeful.   (Kelly Dickerson)

 

Have an interesting science policy link?  Share it in the comments!

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Written by sciencepolicyforall

August 22, 2014 at 5:22 pm

Posted in Linkposts

Tagged with , , ,

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