Science Policy For All

Because science policy affects everyone.

Science Policy Around the Web – September 12, 2014

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By: Bethanie L. Morrison, Ph.D.

photo credit: ynse via photopin cc

Genetic Testing

Lasker Winner Calls for More Genetic Testing for Cancer
Dr. Mary-Claire King, 2014 Lasker award winner and the woman who discovered the BRCA1 gene, has boldly proposed that all women over the age of 30 be screened for cancer-causing genetic mutations. The details of Dr. King’s proposal were published this week in JAMA. The current guidelines for cancer screenings suggest evaluating only those women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer and are in a very high risk pool. Dr. King argues that women will be better off in the future if they have this information at their disposal. They will be in a better position to make life decisions that may prevent the possible onset of breast or ovarian cancer, unlike the current practice of treating the cancer once it appears. Dr. King did make a distinction between receiving genetic screens for known cancer-causing mutations, and general genetic screens. She does not believe that women should be screened for mutations for which function is not well-defined. (Lawrence K. Altman and Roni Caryn Rabin, The New York Times)


Regulatory Policy

23andMe CEO navigates health regulation

Anne Wojcicki, CEO of the DNA testing firm 23andMe, recently spoke with the Associated Press about keeping a health care business afloat under the oversight of the FDA. The primary goal of 23andMe is to make genetic testing available and affordable to the general public. Furthermore, they use the testing to create a massive archive of DNA results for use in medical research. In November, the FDA issued a warning to 23andMe to stop marketing its personalized health reports, which indicate to customers any possible genetic predisposition to various medical conditions. This issuance by the FDA caused a dramatic downswing in sales, although the company is still able to sell ancestral and unprocessed DNA data. As a result, 23andMe has hired 4 new health care executives and decided to pursue FDA regulatory approval on each individual health test, a process which could take years.  Ms. Wojcicki indicated that such heavy and constantly changing FDA regulations are very scary for health technology start-up companies, a sentiment held by most of Silicon Valley, whose investors are hesitant to back health technology ventures. (Matthew Perrone, (AP), The Washington Times)


Ebola Outbreak

Ebola: ‘Wow, that is really tough’
In an interview with Science, Bruce Aylward, an assistant director-general at the World Health Organization (WHO), responded to the criticism that the WHO has been too slow in its response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. “Foreign medical teams and NGOs [nongovernmental organizations] are used to dealing with trauma and primary health care; they’re not trained to deal with pathogens,” remarked Aylward when asked why the WHO appears to have underestimated the severity of the outbreak. The WHO has put more people in the field than has ever been heard of in an Ebola outbreak. The main problem lies in the inexperience of field staff and the lack of funding for proper field hospitals required for containment of the outbreak. The notion of vaccine trials and new therapies being introduced is promising for those who would otherwise not be willing to subject themselves to this dangerous pathogen, but the WHO cannot sit back and wait for the therapies to be approved. They must act now, according to Aylward. The WHO is asking foreign medical teams, primarily from the U.S., France, and the U.K., to stop just thinking of how to help and mobilize their troops before many more people have to die. (Leslie Roberts, ScienceInsider)


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Written by sciencepolicyforall

September 12, 2014 at 6:00 am

Posted in Linkposts

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