Science Policy For All

Because science policy affects everyone.

Science Policy Around the Web – December 29, 2015

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By: Emily Petrus, Ph.D.

photo credit: DSC03602.JPG via photopin (license)

Biotechnology

And Science’s Breakthrough of the Year is …

Designer babies used to be the stuff of science fiction, however now they are potentially within reach. As such, Science’s 2015 “Breakthrough of the Year” is ….. CRISPR. CRISPR is a method originally discovered in bacteria which has launched us into a new era of gene editing. Although other methods of inserting, deleting, and switching genes on and off have been around for some time, CRISPR is more efficient, less expensive and easy to reproduce in a variety of species, including human embryos. This new technology means that being able to edit out harmful genes or splice in beneficial genes into human babies is technologically possible; however, this raises serious ethical implications in the policy realm.

A summit earlier this month in Washington, DC (December 2015) organized by the National Academy of Science and others from China and the UK confronted the issues surrounding the ethics and legality of editing human genomes. Conclusions from the summit included a call for extensive basic/preclinical research into the effects of editing human embryos and germline cells, but these experiments should not be used to establish a pregnancy. In addition, gene editing used in humans to target diseases – such as modifying red blood cells in Sickle Cell Anemia or deleting the Huntington’s Disease gene from reproductive cells also should be carefully studied before implementation. Germline editing is especially fraught with ethical issues, as altering human DNA for offspring equates to evolution on the generational scale. The deletion of “undesirable” traits could enhance social inequality. Overall the summit concluded that gene editing may have potential benefits, but a yearly summit designed to address the sure to come legal and ethical issues is imperative to carefully implement this new technology. Finally although we are able to edit our genes, in the end, do we want to? (John Travis, Science)

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Written by sciencepolicyforall

December 29, 2015 at 9:00 am

Posted in Linkposts

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